Trends in food crops and non- food crops in india

Sreenivasa Reddy B, Venkata Naidu G and Narayana Reddy M

Indian agriculture has been undergoing spectacular changes in recent period. These changes are manifestations of large scale commercialization and diversification taking place in the agricultural sector. The latest changes are basically responses of our agriculture to new economic environment ushered in by the process of liberalization. The present study takes the following as its objectives: To study the development of agriculture sector and its contribution to Indian economy. To examine the production trends of food and non-food crops in India. Before the advent of the British rule, crops such as cotton, tobacco and sugarcane were grown fairly extensively since land revenue had to be paid mostly in cash and the prices of these crops, relative to those of food grains, were much higher at that time. Even during the British rule, the situation did not change much. Indian agriculture recorded a significant acceleration in growth and productivity after independence as compared with the pre-independence period. The major findings of the study are as follows. The contribution of the agriculture and allied sectors to total GDP at current prices in 2000-2001 is 23.35 percent and it gradually reduced and stood at 17.1 percent by the year 2009-10.

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