Grahaniroga vis-à-vis irritable bowel syndrome: a review

Author: 
Bhurke Archana, Bhurke Laxman and Suryawanshi C.S

Ayurveda is science of life, is more concerned with the maintenance and promotion of positive health as well as curing the diseases. Ayurveda defines health as equilibrium of three Dosha , Dhatu, Malakriya, Agni, and cheerful status of Atma, Indriya and  Manasa. In the current mechanized life, health of an individual is directly related to life style specially diet habits. Grahani, disease of Annavaha srotas is also directly related to status of Agni and diet habits. Ayurveda considers Grahani as a Tridoshatmaka disorder of digestive system which occurs due to vitiation of Agni i.e Jatharagni, Saman Vayu, Pachak Pitta and Kledaka Kapha. The description of Grahani Roga in Ayurvedic texts may be correlated with IBS to some extent. Irritable Bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional bowel disorder characterized by chronic abdominal pain, discomfort, bloating, and alteration of bowel habits in the absence of any detectable organic cause. IBS contributes to work absenteeism, attend social events, or even travel short distances. The interventions in mainstream biomedicine for IBS didn’t prove as a permanent cure and have limitations owing to their unwanted effects. On the contrary Ayurveda offers wide range of medicinal formulations and therapeutic modalities that are in use since ages and found to be useful in management of Grahaniroga along with promoting health. This paper aims at review of Grahaniroga in Ayurveda and current mainstream biomedicine.

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