Factors affecting intensive care requirements for cerebrovascular diseases

Kose Ozlece H and Celik Y

Objective: Cerebrovascular diseases are among neurological diseases causing severe death and disability in the whole world and in Turkey. Intensive care requirements may be determined during monitoring and treatment of these diseases. Defining factors leading to intensive care requirements is important for accurate and rapid treatment approach. As a result, in this study we aimed to research the risk factors for admission to intensive care and factors affecting prognosis in intensive care.
Methods: The study included 240 patients with cerebrovascular disease diagnosis.
Results: In 53 of these patients (13%) intensive care was required. Risk factors for intensive care requirements were determined as advanced age, female gender, smoking habit, hypertension, ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke and sinus vein thrombosis. When the mortality rates in intensive care were investigated, factors affecting mortality rates were determined as sepsis, multiorgan failure, respiratory failure, mechanical ventilation requirement, intubation and hemorrhagic stroke diagnosis. However, none of these factors were independent risk factors.
Conclusion: The majority of patients with CVD diagnosis may require intensive care. Accurate and sufficient intensive care support has life-saving quality for these patients. Knowing the factors affecting mortality rates in intensive care is very important in terms of patient prognosis.

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