A comparative study of english language proficiency of students studying in 10th class in government and private secondary schools of sirsa district

Author: 
Jai Parkash and Sushma Hooda

In India, there are two basic streams of School Education, namely Government schools and Private schools. Generally the medium of instructions in Govt. schools, it is generally Hindi and in private schools it is usually English. The students of Govt. schools are found to be good at spoken Hindi, whereas spoken English is good among the students studying in Private schools. However, both categories of students lack competence in both the languages. In their effort to learn English as a Primary language, the students are not learning either of the language properly. This may be consequence of the fact that though they are taught English in schools, they do not get appropriate environment to practice it at their homes and social set up to acquire fluency and proficiency in it. In this research 200 secondary school students were randomly selected studying in 10th class and 100 from Government secondary schools students and 100 from Private secondary schools students of Sirsa district of Haryana. The sample was further classified on the basis of sex and area. For the purpose of collecting data the “English Language Proficiency Test – by K.S. Misra and Dr. Ruchi Dubey” was used. In this research Mean, S.D., t-ratio  techniques were used to interpret the result.   
 
In the result mean value of English language proficiency of Private Secondary School teachers is more than English language proficiency of Government Secondary School teachers. The mean value of English language proficiency of Private Secondary School Female teachers is more than Private Secondary School Male teachers and the mean value of English language proficiency of Government Secondary School Female teachers is more than Government Secondary School Male teachers. Therefore it is concluded that the English language proficiency of Government Secondary School Female teachers is more than Government Secondary School Male teachers English language proficiency.
 
The mean value of English language proficiency of Private Secondary School Urban teachers is more than Private Secondary School Rural teachers. Therefore it is concluded that the English language proficiency of Private Secondary School Urban teachers is more than Private Secondary School Rural teachers English language proficiency. The mean value of English language proficiency of Government Secondary School Urban teachers is more than Government Secondary School Rural teachers. Therefore it is concluded that the English language proficiency of Government Secondary School Urban teachers is more than Government Secondary School Rural teachers English language proficiency.

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